Wednesday, 17 November 2010

Zambezia a provincia esquecida? Zambezia the forgotten province? Poverty & Geographic Disparity

What Does it Mean to be Poor?
UNICEF, along with a growing number of academics and policymakers, has chosen to adopt an increasingly multidimensional view of what it means to be living in poverty. Poverty has traditionally been measured using a narrow focus on household
consumption. However, the level of a family’s income does not create a full picture of the health and well-being of a child. A child’s parents may earn a decent wage but live too far from a school for their child to attend class. Education, along with other basic services like health, sanitation and clean water are all necessary investments for a child to grow up to be a productive adult. Focusing on the basic needs and key public services of which a child is deprived allows for a more multidimensional understanding of poverty. With the deprivations-based approach, the link between resource allocation, policy choices and the resulting changes in childhood poverty becomes much more explicit.
Poverty & Geographic Disparity
What Do They Mean for Children? Zambézia: The Forgotten Province?
Lowest per capita budget allocation: health, education & justice
Highest consumption-based poverty rate:71 per cent
Highest child poverty rate: 64 per cent
Highest child mortality rate: 205/1,000, 10 year average 1998-2008
Highest proportion of non-immunised children: 20 per cent
Lowest access to safe, drinkable water: 26 per cent
Third lowest access to safe sanitation: 8 per cent
Second lowest net completion rate for primary school: 6 per cent
Lowest net enrollment rate for secondary school: 8 per cent
Second lowest women’s literacy rate: 27 per cent
Lowest access to antenatal care from skilled person: 74 per cent
Third lowest proportion of registered births: 55 per cent
Third highest incidence of child marriage: 22 per cent of girls under 15 years
Second highest in lack of knowledge on HIV transmission: 34 per cent not aware of any of the three main methods of
Lowest proportion of women receiving HIV information during antenatal care: 28

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